Osteology is an interdisciplinary branch of medicine which focuses on prevention, complex diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treating disorders of bone metabolism (for example: osteoporosis – thinning of bones, osteomalacia – softening of the bones in adults and rickets in growing bones, i.e. with children etc.). Prevention is one of the best options through which we can avoid serious future complications effectively and with minimal effort.
For the proper development of bones at any age, it is very important to ensure a sufficient intake of calcium, vitamin D and frequent physical activity.
Yet another essential factor affecting correct bone metabolism are simultaneously occurring chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts, kidney disease, rheumatology and more.
Most of us believe that we have a proper diet/lifestyle and that these problems do not apply to us. However, wide-ranging clinical studies have established that this belief is actually not true at all. Globally, the World population suffers from a lack of vitamin D. In developed countries, the primary problem is low physical activity, especially concerning children.
With women in menopause for example, a long-term lack of calcium, vitamin D or physical activity leads to an increased risk of fractures typical for osteoporosis in the spinal regions or around the femoral neck.
What does an osteological examination look like?
A complex osteological examination can now be carried out in our osteological emergency practice. Following this examination, you will know what the state of your bone metabolism is as well as whether one of the above deficiencies does not apply to you.
The examination itself begins with a consultation (medical history) and a laboratory sample (for example identifying the levels of vitamin D, the parameters of bone formation, resorption – breakdown). In case it is needed, a painless visual measurement of the bone tissue (densitometry) can be carried out as well.
Based on the results of these examinations (as needed), an optimal long-term therapy begins followed by regular checks approximately once every 1-2 years.
The doctor (an osteologist) can work individually, alternatively as part of a team with other specialists (gynecologists, orthopedic surgeons, internists, nephrologists, endocrinologists, rheumatologists, dentists etc.) within emergencies or inpatient areas.
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