Plasma therapy (A-PRP, Autologous platelet-rich plasma) is a treatment method used in orthopedics for several years already. Despite initial objections by some orthopedic surgeons, this method has established itself as an option for the treatment of various musculoskeletal conditions. The method itself is based around the injection of plasma enriched with blood platelets into the areas where given complications occur. Its use is also applied in dermatology, both for cosmetic purposes and as a treatment (more information available at the Younger and Prettier By Using Our Own Blood article).
How does plasma therapy work?
Blood is composed of blood cells and blood plasma. The platelets which form an integral part of blood cells are known primarily for their role in blood coagulation. However, these cells also include a significant amount of growth factors (proteins) which are important for healing any injury in our bodies. Plasma rich in platelets (A-PRP) is a liquid which is prepared from the patient’s own blood. The resulting solution has a 5-10 times higher concentration of platelets than blood itself. By applying it to the place where the problem is occurring, it renews or strengthens the regenerative capabilities of the body.
Plasma therapy at CMC – safe and risk-free
Canadian Medical Care uses a technique of preparing A-PRP from RegenLab. The company distributes the entire system of collection and preparation of the plasma which has many benefits over other available methods on the market. The collection of a blood samples as well as the preparation of plasma is carried out with minimal required manipulation which limits the risk of infection to the absolute minimum. This system also allows for the preparation of plasma along with the hyaluronic acid for treating arthritis (Cellular Matrix).
The actual treatment and preparation of A-PRP is all carried out at the standard orthopedic practice. To prepare the plasma, a sample of approximately 10ml of blood has to be extracted from the subcutaneous veins from the hands. The sample is then extracted by a nurse who places it into the designated device to ensure its preparation.
"The resulting plasma is ready for application approximately 12 minutes from when the blood sample was taken. Using a standard injection needle, a doctor treats the affected area or joint by injecting it with the plasma in a sterile environment. PRP treatments should be repeated. To achieve maximum results of the treatment, three doses are recommended for each effected area within a couple of weeks" said doc. MUDr. Rastislav Hromádka, Ph.D.
Who is this method suitable for?
Even though PRP is designated primarily for adults, it is possible to apply it to adolescents from the age of 15 in case they are suffering from chronic extra-articular complications. The method of PRP application is aimed primarily at adult patients with extra-articular injuries and chronic complications.
Overview of chronic diagnoses suitable for treatment by PRP:
- Generally any enthesopathies (inflammation of the tendon-to-bone insertion)
- Generally any tenosynovitis (inflammation of ten tendon)
- Epicondylitis lateralis humeri (tennis elbow)
- Epicondylitis medialis humeri (golfer’s elbow)
- Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
- Trochanteric pain
- Plantar fasciitis
This method of PRP application is also aimed at treating acute ligament, joint and muscle injuries. With these complications however, despite being used by professional athletes, no conclusive evidence about its effects has been presented to date.
Overview of acute diagnoses suitable for treatment by PRP:
- Acute ligament disability of the ankles, knees, shoulders and wrists
- Acute ankle and knee sprains
In recent years, there were numerous scientific studies which examined the usage of plasma therapy in treating arthritis. In these cases, therapy aided in the regeneration of tissues (cartilage and ligaments) but did not repair or restore the affected tissues.