The inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) occurs when people do not fully remove the plaque around the root of the tooth. Plaque however contains bacteria and results in a localized inflammation of the gum characterized by the gums turning red and associated swelling. Gingivitis is often chronic in nature, does not usually hurt so people do not even know about it. If the inflammation is not treated, it then turns into periodontitis, which is characterized by retreating gums and bone tissue which endangers all the teeth.
You may find that when brushing your teeth you spit out a bit of blood as well. If your gums bleed, arrange a visit to your dentist, who will diagnose whether it is gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) or periodontitis. If it is gingivitis, patients undergo a complete tartar and plaque cleaning session and are recommended cleaning their teeth with interdental brushes and using mouthwash regularly. Two weeks later, the situation is usually much better.
Prevention of gingivitis
The best prevention is taking good care of your teeth. It is important to undergo frequent dental checks, frequent removal of tartar and the usage of antibacterial toothpastes and mouthwashes (for example Listerine; in advanced stages of periodontitis - Curasept, alternatively Corsodyl for short-term use. However like all products with chlorhexide, Corsodyl can cause a change in coloration of the teeth).