What are bite disorders and how can they be treated?
There are various deformations of the jaw, where dental braces or a dental surgery can help. When a person does not bite correctly, teeth can be subjected to more pressure and use.
Crossbite means that the cusps of the upper teeth bite on the inside of lower teeth – which does not matter, but it is an incorrect bite pattern. It can for example lead to the abrasion of teeth as well as esthetic issues for the patient.
An overjet means that the bottom teeth are almost not visible at all. It is primarily an esthetic issue, but overjet can also worsen speech and bottom teeth sometimes bite the top of the mouth.
Overbite or protrusion of upper front teeth
In an overbite, the upper front teeth are place significantly more forward than the bottom teeth. Removable braces are used to the treat this deformation, often accompanied by fixed braces later on.
The front and bottom teeth are not in contact with each other, there is a vertical space between them. If the cause is for example the sucking of the thumb, correction with the use of braces is realistic. Further, a combined orthodontic and surgical therapy is possible.
Underbite, sometimes referred to as reverse bite (progeny) is a condition where the bottom teeth in the forefront and upper teeth fall back behind them. It is a difficult deformation to treat and usually requires surgical treatment.