Dental braces can be avoided
The number of children (and adults) with braces has been increasing. What causes this? “The reason why the numbers grow is the fact that children have bad habits, for example by sucking on their thumbs, they can suffer from overbite or open bite. Further, premature loss of teeth is also something that leads to the use of braces. If the parents do not attend regular dental checks with their children, they usually come at the stage when the children are already in pain. It then usually requires the removal of the troubled tooth. If you are forced to remove the 5th milk tooth (baby tooth) at the age of six when it should in fact remain until they are eleven, the tooth is simply missing there. The result is that the sixth tooth moves forward in its place resulting in less space for the fifth to grow when it is time. This is where the braces come into play,” says MDDr. Zdeněk William Pelc, CMC’s stomatologist.
What are orthodontics?
The corrective treatment of irregularities in teeth growth is a field of dental medicine called orthodontics. As far as the types of braces are concerned, there are essentially two types: removable braces and fixed braces. Age is the deciding factor in terms of which braces are used. “For example, with six year olds, orthodontic treatment is possible, but only with removable braces. This is because small baby teeth do not have enough space to attach dental brackets on. At the age of six however, the braces are little devices which help in growing the jaws and stretching them gently to allow for more space for future teeth,” says MDDr. Zdeněk Pelc, CMC’s stomatologist.
Braces in a nutshell
With adults, braces are manufactured from various materials – metals, ceramic, sapphire etc. Treatment lasts for a minimum of 1-2 years and is then followed by a retention state. This means that the braces are replaced by a retainer wire that should ensure that the teeth do not return to their pre-treatment state. This wire is very discreet and is glued to the inside side of your teeth. It does not obstruct anything in the mouth and does not cause pain or speech impediment. It is very important however, to ensure increased dental hygiene. With the retainer, patients are also given removable orthodontic braces during the night to ensure optimal treatment results.
Apart from the classic dental brackets, a very popular trend is “invisible” braces. These are glued to the teeth from the back and are therefore not visible to the naked eye. However, these are relatively expensive because they are produced from gold.
Braces require thorough dental hygiene
How to take care of your teeth when you have braces? The most important thing is to take care of the teeth to ensure that they do not lose calcium (demineralize). Read more about the proper tooth care here. With braces, it is recommended to clean your teeth after eating and especially do so with a solo brush (brush with a small head) and especially around the brackets. It is also advisable to use an irrigator a special oral shower device which sprays a strong pressurized current of water at the teeth.